The Queen must give royal assent to all legislation passed by the Houses of Parliament before it can become law. This means Her Majesty can also refuse assent for legislation too, if she wishes. But refusing legislation has not happened since the reign of Queen Anne, who used it to veto the Scottish Militia Act in 1707.
The Queen has never been open about her views on Brexit, as she must stay politically neutral as head of state.
But in a speech at Sandringham Women’s Institute last month, she called for “common ground” while respecting “different point of views”.
When speaking to the crowd, she said: “The continued emphasis on patience, friendship, a strong community-focus and considering the needs of others are as important today as they were when the group was founded all those years ago.
“Of course, every generation faces fresh challenges and opportunities.
“As we look for new answers in the modern age, I for one prefer the tried and tested recipes, like speaking well of each other and respecting different points of view; coming together to seek out the common ground; and never losing sight of the bigger picture.”
Lord Pannick, QC, a Times Law columnist, wrote to The Times this week to explain the Queen turning down a Brexit bill would be “inconceivable”.
His letter said: “The Queen’s agreement to give er assent to a bill is a formality.
“Given that Brexit is the most politically explosive and divisive issue of our day, the notion of involving the Queen in vetoing a Brexit bill ought to be regarded as inconceivable.”
Meanwhile, Rodney Brazier, professor of constitutional law at Manchester University, said it would be “unconstitutional” for the Queen to not accept the advice of her ministers, even if they want her to withhold the Brexit bill.
He wrote: “Few actions more dangerous to the perceived and vital political neutrality of constitutional monarchy could be imagine than the Queen rejecting the Government’s advice.”
Mr Brazier added that “the convention that the Queen acts on ministerial advice is based in democracy.”
Mrs May’s Government is ready to hold more discussions with the opposition Labour party this weekend over Brexit, a spokesman for May’s office confirmed on Friday.
The spokesperson said in a statement: “We have made serious proposals in talks this week and are prepared to pursue changes to the Political Declaration in order to deliver a deal that is acceptable to both sides.
“We are ready to hold further detailed discussions this weekend in order to seek any such changes in the run-up to European Council on Wednesday.
“The Government is determined to work constructively to deliver the Brexit people voted for, and avoid participation in the European Parliamentary elections.”
Mrs May turned to Labour for help after her Brexit deal was rejected three times.
But Labour said the Government “has not offered real change or compromise” in three days of talks.
A statement said: ”We urge the Prime Minister to come forward with genuine changes to her deal.”
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