WASHINGTON (REUTERS) – The US House of Representatives on Thursday (March 17) voted to give younger immigrants nicknamed “Dreamers,” who came to the United States illegally as children, protections against deportation and a pathway to citizenship.
By a vote of 228-197, the Democratic-controlled House passed the Bill with only nine Republicans supporting it. The Bill now goes to the Senate where it faces a difficult climb.
The measure is one of several attempts by Democrats to reverse former President Donald Trump’s hardline immigration policies.
A second Bill, also set for a vote on Thursday, would shield about 1 million immigrant farm workers from deportation and give them the chance to eventually seek legal permanent residence status.
The legislation coincides with Democratic President Joe Biden’s efforts to contain the number of migrants arriving at the US-Mexico border, many of whom are fleeing dangerous conditions in Central America.
The south-west border situation hardened Republican opposition to helping Dreamers: around 1.8 million young immigrants. They made the dangerous journey on their own, with parents or hired hands, often to escape gang violence in Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador and other countries.
Many have spent most of their lives in the United States and have been educated in US schools.
During Thursday’s debate, Democratic Representative Pramila Jayapal noted she came from India to the United States alone at the age of 16, saying, “Let’s stop the hypocrisy of criminalising immigrants.”
But Republican Representative Chip Roy said Democrats were doing “nothing to address cartels who have ownership of our border right now” and are pushing legislation that would prove to be “a magnet for traffic of more children.”
The twin Bills got a boost from the US Chamber of Commerce, the nation’s largest business lobbying group, which cited worries over immigrant workers’ “uncertain future.”
It also noted that American workers employed at businesses established by Dreamers would gain job security from the legislation and that visa improvements for agriculture workers would help US operations with year-round labour needs, such as dairy farms.
The Dreamers Bill also would help a separate group of immigrants, who came from countries that were devastated by civil wars and natural disasters, and had qualified for temporary protections in the United States.
As president, Mr Trump rolled back the Temporary Protected Status programme. In 2017 he also rescinded former President Barack Obama’s Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals programme aimed at shielding qualifying Dreamers from deportation.
Court rulings and the Biden administration have kept Daca alive, at least for now.
The White House backed both Bills. But it also urged lawmakers to adopt broader reforms in Mr Biden’s sweeping immigration Bill introduced last month, saying this would secure the border and “address the root causes of instability and unsafe conditions causing migration from Central America.”
“We can’t keep waiting,” Mr Biden wrote on Twitter. “I urge Congress to come together to find long term solutions to our entire immigration system so we can create a safe, orderly, and humane immigration system, tackle the root causes of migration and legalise the undocumented population in the United States.”
Mr Biden’s wide-ranging plan would provide a path to US citizenship to the 11 million immigrants in the country illegally. The Senate’s No. 2 Democrat, Mr Dick Durbin, said this week that goal does not have enough support in the House or Senate.
Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell panned the House efforts on Thursday, saying they would exacerbate problems at the border, further dimming prospects in that chamber, where a supermajority of at least 60 of 100 members are needed for most legislation to advance.
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