Moderna vaccine UK: Where is Moderna made, how effective is it? Everything you should know

Moderna vaccine: Unpaid carer receives first UK jab

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Wales has become the first UK nation to receive the Moderna coronavirus vaccine, with Scotland due to receive the first doses later this week. England has yet to receive any doses, but vaccines minister Nadhim Zahawi said it would be rolled out in England around “the third week of April”.

Where is the Moderna vaccine made?

Moderna is a US pharmaceutical and biotechnology company with its headquarters in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

The vaccine received funding from two US federal agencies – the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA).

The US country singer Dolly Parton helped fund the jab after donating one million dollars (about £716,000) to Vanderbilt University Medical Centre in Nashville, Tennessee, which participated in the research.

She broadcast herself receiving the jab on social media.

How effective is the Moderna jab?

Phase three trials showed the jab had 94.1 percent efficacy against Covid, and 100 percent against severe illness.

More than 30,000 people in the US took part in the trial, from a wide range of age groups and ethnic backgrounds.

The vaccine was approved by the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) on January 8.

How many doses do you need?

Like the Pfizer/BioNTech and Oxford/AstraZeneca jabs, it requires two doses for full protection, according to tests.

The jabs are to be given at an interval of between four and 12 weeks.

The government has bought 17 million doses – enough to fully vaccinate about 8.5 million people.

How does the Moderna vaccine work?

Like Pfizer’s jab, Moderna is an RNA vaccine and works by injecting part of the virus’s genetic code into the body, where it enters cells and tells them to create antigens.

These antigens are recognised by the immune system and prepare it to fight coronavirus.

No actual virus is needed to create an mRNA vaccine, meaning the rate at which it can be produced is accelerated.

The jab also only requires temperatures of around -20C for shipping – similar to a normal freezer.

The Pfizer jab requires storage at -70C, which creates some transportation obstacles.

The AstraZeneca jab can be stored at regular fridge temperature.

However, the AstraZeneca jab is not an RNA, it’s a viral vector, meaning it’s a genetically modified virus, rather than a part of the virus’s genetic code.

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