Prince Andrew sweating claim ‘unlikely’ – impact of adrenaline overdose ‘insignificant’

Prince Andrew addresses Virginia Giuffre’s allegations in 2019

We use your sign-up to provide content in ways you’ve consented to and to improve our understanding of you. This may include adverts from us and 3rd parties based on our understanding. You can unsubscribe at any time. More info

The Duke of York is currently embroiled in a civil court case brought against him by one of Jeffrey Epstein’s victims. Andrew has vehemently denied all of the accusations made against him but they have seriously marred his reputation.

Virginia Giuffre launched a US civil case against Prince Andrew and accused him of sexually abusing her two decades ago.

Ms Giuffre is suing the prince through a New York court for an undisclosed “substantial sum” over claims that he had sex with her on three occasions while she was a teenager and had been trafficked by convicted paedophile Epstein.

The Duke of York has always insisted he has “no recollection” of ever meeting Ms Guiffre despite there being a photo appearing to show the pair together.

On the evening in 2001 she alleged they met in the high-end Mayfair nightclub Tramps she said the Queen’s second son was sweating heavily.

During his car-crash 2019 BBC Newsnight interview Prince Andrew told Emily Maitlis that this was impossible because he suffered from a condition after being shot at in the Falklands War which left him unable to sweat.

He said: “I didn’t sweat at the time because I had suffered what I would describe as an overdose of adrenaline in the Falklands War, when I was shot at … it was almost impossible for me to sweat.”

This medical condition has since cleared up, he clarified.

However, Professor Adam Taylor, Director of the Clinical Anatomy Learning Centre & Professor in Anatomy at Lancaster University, said Andrew’s sweating claim is unlikely.

He told Express.co.uk: “The vast majority of sweat glands in the body respond to a neurotransmitter called acetylcholine.

“While a very small number do respond to adrenaline, this small number typically only become active in response to stressful situations, so even with an overdose of adrenaline, the impact on sweat glands in the body would be negligible because most sweat glands are controlled by a different mechanism.

“An overdose of adrenaline would have other, more significant, effects on the body too.

“There are no human studies to my knowledge where people have been unable to sweat due to an overdose/overexposure to adrenaline, this makes it unlikely that it could be the cause of an inability to sweat.

DON’T MISS 
Prince Andrew facing losing his royal title ‘The damage has been done’ [COMMENT]  
Expert slams Prince Andrew probe on Queen’s ‘massive year’ [REVEAL] 
Lawyer highlight case Giuffre could use in Prince Andrew lawsuit [INSIGHT]

“Where individuals have presented with an inability to sweat, it is usually due to pathologies, trauma or inherited conditions.”

On New Year’s Eve, Ms Guiffre’s legal team asked the Duke to produce documentation proving his claims.

They have also asked for key documents in support of his alibi he did not have sex with his American accuser – including that he was visiting a Pizza Express on the day of the claimed sexual encounter.

In addition to this, her lawyers have also requested travel documents detailing Andrew’s movements on Epstein’s planes and to his various homes.

In court documents, they said: “If Prince Andrew truly has no documents concerning his communications with Maxwell or Epstein, his travel to Florida, New York, or various locations in London, his alleged medical inability to sweat, or anything that would support the alibis he gave during his BBC interview, then continuing with discovery will not be burdensome to him at all.”

Andrew’s legal team have rejected the requests for the documents citing various reasons, including the information is protected from disclosure by rights of privacy under the US Constitution and Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights.

A hearing scheduled for January 4 will decide whether to throw out Andrew’s accuser’s civil lawsuit over the Prince’s argument she lives in Australia and cannot justify her claim to be a Colorado resident.

This comes after Ghislaine Maxwell – who the Duke claims introduced him to Epstein – was found guilty in America of helping entice vulnerable teenagers to the properties of the convicted paedophile.

The Duke of York stepped back from royal life in 2019 following the disastrous interview with the BBC over his relationship with Epstein.

While Andrew remains hopeful he can return to royal duties, Prince Charles is believed to be “adamant” there is no way back for his younger brother while allegations hang over him.

Express.co.uk contacted the Duke of York’s lawyers for comment on Professor Taylor’s claims.

Source: Read Full Article